Space infrastructure is now integral to both civilian life and warfare. Belligerents may find great military advantage in destroying a satellite in orbit, but this could have grave consequences for civilians on earth and create long-lasting space debris. This Article identifies the applicable law by harmonizing international humanitarian law, human rights law, and international space law. The Authors conclude that targeting a satellite in armed conflict will be permissible only as a measure of last resort, not of first response.
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Caitlyn Georgeson et al., Targeting in Outer Space: An Exploration of Regime Interactions in the Final Frontier, 85 J. Air L. & Com. 609 (2020).