By: Evan Merritt

On September 15, 2020, Israel, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates announced the signing of the Abraham Accords, a historic peace agreement that included pledges by each of the signatories to pursue peace in the Middle East. Within a few months, two more countries—Sudan and Morocco—had also signed similar peace agreements with Israel and joined the Abraham Accords. While some onlookers heralded the Abraham Accords as the dawn of a new era in the Middle East, other commentators voiced skepticism that the newly signed peace agreements would alter Arab-Israeli relations in any meaningful way. Moreover, some U.S. politicians expressed concerns over certain incentives that the Trump administration had offered Arab signatories as an inducement to sign the Abraham Accords. Despite these trepidations, however, the Abrahams Accords remains one of the most significant foreign policy developments in recent years and is worth examining in detail. This comment will survey the historical background leading up to the signing of the Abraham Accords, discuss previous contemporary efforts to broker peace in the Middle East, and analyze the Abraham Accords and corresponding diplomatic agreements entered into by Israel, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Sudan, and Morocco.

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